Jaromír Typlt was born on 25 July 1973 in Nová Paka, a small town in the Czech border region. He studied philosophy and Czech literature at Charles University’s Faculty of Arts, graduating in 1997 with a doctoral thesis on Czech surrealist poetry.
He spent some time working for a therapeutic community for people with mental illness, and in 2000–2010 was the curator of a small gallery of photography and contemporary art.
He currently lives in Prague, where he is active as a performer and is also engaged in the study of art brut.
Typlt first appeared on the Czech literary scene in the 1990s with poetry that was influenced by a surrealist understanding of the imagination (Lost Inferno/Ztracené peklo, 1994), and with short prose works in which he brought to life the unique spiritual atmosphere of his native region (Movable Thresholds of Temples/Pohyblivé prahy chrámů, 1991; Opposite to Overthrow/Opakem o překot, 1996). He received the Jiří Orten Award in 1994.
Since 2000, Typlt has increasingly moved beyond the field of literature towards live performance, music, and the visual arts. Although the written word remains the foundation for all these experiments, the main feature of his work is an exploration of the limits of language (for example, in the books not all that/že ne zas až, 2004, and Pressure/Stisk, 2007). His latest book of poems is called In A While/Za dlouho (2016).
Since 2009, Typlt has regularly collaborated with composer Michal Rataj to create improvised audio-text experiments as part of their joint project entitled Scribbles/Škrábanice (an eponymous CD was released in 2014). In terms of collaboration with visual artists, his work with graphic artist Jan Měřička has been of fundamental importance, resulting in numerous unique artists’ books (e.g., Braincreasers/Hlavolomy, 2000). Working with photographer Viktor Kopasz, he created the bibliophile work Captivity/Zajetí (2001) and a short film in the form of a 3D poem (Vineyard/Vinice, 2012).
Typlt is also the author of audiobooks and short radiophonic compositions (Bark/Kůra, 2006). He likes to work with the voice during live performances and is also engaged in printmaking and photography.
He has applied his long-standing theoretical interest in seemingly marginal areas of literature and art in the discovery of several art brut poets and artists, of whom the “Weather-Maker” Zdeněk Košek has gained significant international renown. In 2013, Typlt published an extensive monograph on the unjustly overlooked Czech avant-garde sculptor Ladislav Zívr.
Translations of Jaromír Typlt’s poetry have been published in various magazines and collections, including Hebenon (Italy, 2011), Die Horen (Germany, 2012), Wyspa (Poland, 2016), Nunc (France, 2016), and Akhali saunje (Georgia, 2017).
In October of 2010, he attended an artists’ residence at the Hesse Literary Forum in Wiesbaden, Germany, and in September 2016, an artists’ residence in Tianjin, China.
He has presented his experimental literary performances at international festivals in Vilenica, Krakow, Berlin, Frankfurt-am-Main, Vilnius, Tbilisi, Xichang and many other places.
Since 2006, Typlt has operated his own website, www.typlt.cz.